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Computer Aided Manufacturing Applications

Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAM) refers to an automation process, which accurately converts product design and drawing or the object into a code format, readable by the machine to manufacture the product. Computer aided manufacturing complements the computer aided design (CAD) systems to offer a wide range of applications in different manufacturing fields. CAM evolved from the technology utilized in the Computer Numerical Control (CNC) machines that were used in the early 1950s. CNC involved the use of coded instructions on a punched paper tape and could control single manufacturing functions. CAM controlled computer systems, however, can control a whole set of manufacturing functions simultaneously.

CAM allows work instructions and procedures to be communicated directly to the manufacturing machines. A CAM system controls manufacturing operations performed by robotic milling machines, lathes, welding machines and other industrial tools. It moves the raw material to different machines within the system by allowing systematic completion of each step. Finished products can also be moved within the system to complete other manufacturing operations such as packaging, synthesizing and making final checks and changes.

Some of the major applications of the CAM system are glass working, woodturning, metalworking and spinning, and graphical optimization of the entire manufacturing procedure. Production of the solids of rotation, plane surfaces, and screw threads is done by applying CAM systems.
A CAM system allows the manufacturing of three-dimensional solids, using ornamental lathes with greater intricacy and detail. Products such as candlestick holders, table legs, bowls, baseball bats, crankshafts, and camshafts can be manufactured using the CAM system. CAM system can also be applied to the process of diamond turning to manufacture diamond tipped cutting materials. Aspheric optical elements made from glass, crystals, and other metals can also be produced using CAM systems.
Computer aided manufacturing can be applied to the fields of mechanical, electrical, industrial and aerospace engineering. Applications such as thermodynamics, fluid dynamics, solid mechanics, and kinematics can be controlled using CAM systems. Other applications such as electromagnetism, ergonomics, aerodynamics, and propulsion and material science may also use computer aided manufacturing.

Importance of Supply Chain Management in Modern Businesses

Supply Chain Management (SCM) as defined by Tom McGuffog is “Maximising added value and reducing total cost across the entire trading process through focusing on speed and certainty of response to the market.” Due to globalization and ICT, SCM has become a tool for companies to compete effectively either at a local level or at a global scale. SCM has become a necessity especially for manufacturing industry when it comes to deliver products at a competitive cost and at a higher quality than their competitors. Here are some of the reason SCM has become important to today’s manufacturing industry:-

Competitive Edge through Core Competencies

Today’s business climate has rapidly changed and has become more competitive as ever in nature. Businesses now not only need to operate at a lower cost to compete, it must also develop its own core competencies to distinguish itself from competitors and stand out in the market. In creating the competitive edge, companies need to divert its resources to focus on what they do best and outsource the process and task that is not important to the overall objective of the company. SCM has allowed company to rethink their entire operation and restructure it so that they can focus on its core competencies and outsource processes that are not within the core competencies of the company. Due to the current competitive market, it is the only way for a company to survive. The strategy on applying SCM will not only impact their market positioning but also strategic decision on choosing the right partners, resources and manpower. By focusing on core competencies also will allow the company to create niches and specialization of core areas. As stated in the Blue Ocean Strategy outlined by Chan Kim, in order to create a niche for competitive advantage, companies must look at the big picture of the whole process, and figuring out which process can be reduce, eliminate, raise and create.

As an example stated by Chan Kim, the Japanese automotive industries capitalise on its resources to build small and efficient cars. The Japanese automotive industries gain competitive edge by utilising their supply chain to maximise their core competencies and position itself in a niche market. The strategy works and now Toyota Motor Corporation, a Japanese company, is considered to be the number one auto car maker in the world beating Ford and General Motors of the United States.

Value Advantage

SCM has allowed business nowadays to not just have productivity advantage alone but also on value advantage. As Martin Christopher in his book, Logistics and Supply Chain Management: Strategies for Reducing Cost and Improving Service’ states, ‘Productivity advantage gives a lower cost profile and the value advantage gives the product or offering a differential ‘plus’ over competitive offerings.’ Through maximizing added value and also reduce the cost in the same time, more innovation can be added to the product and process. Mass manufacturing offers productivity advantage but through effective supply chain management, mass customization can be achieved. With mass customization, customers are given the value advantage through flexible manufacturing and customized adaptation. Product life cycles also can be improved through effective use of SCM. Value advantage also changes the norm of traditional offerings that is ‘one-size-fits-all.’ Through SCM, the more accepted offerings by the industry to the consumers would be a variety of products catered to different market segments and customers preferences.

As an example, the Toyota Production System practiced in Toyota, evaluates its supply chain and determines what is value added activities and what is not value added activities. Non added value activities are considered to be ‘Muda’ or waste and therefore must be eliminated. Such non added value activities are overproduction, waiting, unnecessary transport, over processing, excess inventory, unnecessary movement, defects and unused employee creativity. The steps taken to eliminate waste are through Kaizen, Kanban, Just-in-time and also push-pull production to meet actual customer’s demands. The Toyota Production System revolutionise the Supply Chain Management towards becoming a leaner supply chain system that is more agile and flexible towards meeting the end users demands.

How to Successfully Advertise Home Care Services

Home Care Service ought to mean what it says. Shockingly, as we now know from such a large number of disclosures, the guidelines of care were not too one may sensibly expect and, for sure, now and again were horrendously, upsetting encounters for the individuals who were so reliant on them for their solace, wellbeing and welfare.

Enter Factors to Keep in Mind

Those in the matter of giving Home Care Services should be aware of some basic issues and worries that will be enter calculates the brains of potential customers.Unless they know about those issues they might just miss the mark concerning desires and neglect to pick up the certainty of the customers yet they may likewise, unwittingly, be taking an interest in spreading a negative picture of their administrations to a more extensive group.

Understanding Your Customer

It is of basic significance to have an extensive and keen comprehension of the basic components that will impact the client. This will educate the reasoning of the supplier in forming and developing the sort and level of administration it is planned to give in the main occurrence thus set up something for which there is an identifiable need and request. Giving an identifiable need does not really liken with the supposition that there is or will be an interest for it. The last will rely on upon different factors, for example, value, comfort, principles, that might be the main variable is benefiting of the administration. With regards to the arrangement of Home Care Services there are more individual and maybe, more personal contemplations that should be calculated into thought.

The Human Side of Enterprise

Some of these contemplations may incorporate a circumstance where an elderly individual can’t be appropriately or securely overseen in their own particular home and may possibly be hesitant to leave that home and go into another and, to them, an undermining domain. They esteem their freedom; they treasure their family and feel they are being cut off; they feel they will at no time in the future have their own particular space and things around them; they can’t have their feline or pooch with them; they won’t see their relatives that frequently. Actually, obviously, they are not customers or clients. They are fathers, moms, grandmas, siblings, sisters, fighters, instructors, fire fighters, specialists, ranchers. They are genuine live individuals it is essential that the natural pride of the human individual is constantly regarded.

Propensities for the Consumer

Why do we, oftentimes maybe, or constantly pass a store that has the item or administration we wish to buy and travel considerably further to obtain it? Why are we here and there arranged to pay more for an item or administration when we know we could get it at a less expensive cost? Why, regardless of the possibility that it is an indistinguishable item or administration will be go somewhere else than the most advantageous provider to buy it?

Entrepreneurs

Anybody, Small Business Owners specifically, should know about the mental variables that assistance educate those choices, if genuinely intrigued and worried about drawing in customers and clients. It is important to recognize Small Business Owners from the Giants in the commercial center as the last have, as a major aspect of their DNA, the inborn abilities, skills and experience accessible to them to do broad statistical surveying and apply the most recent bits of knowledge and understandings into all aspects of the advertising systems.

The Home Care Service Market

Home Care Services, as suggested prior, are in an especially touchy specialty and should be altogether comprehension of the attitude of potential customer’s needs and in addition the individuals who, maybe, may be getting the administration for their cherished one and who might be paying for the administration.

Manage Stress In Business To Succeed

Business has its crests and troughs. Naturally, there is an element of stress in business. When you do not do well, stress can accumulate and bring you down even further. Therefore, a successful businessperson is one who is able to manage stress. You can never avoid stress. Managing stress is the key to becoming successful in business. I have shared some methods that can help reduce stress during the course of this article.

Relieving Stress

First, money is important, but not everything in life. You will have to learn to take the losses in stride. It is easy for anyone to preach. Nevertheless, one can reduce stress by having an open mind. This open mind allows us to absorb the losses as part of life. If you manage to do this, you have won half the battle against stress.

Ascertain the facts:

When you are suffering losses, something has gone wrong somewhere. It is advisable to ascertain the facts and analyze your mistakes with a cool head. This will enable you to plan well. When you realize your mistakes, you will not repeat them. Thus, you can find ways to beat the stress.

Identify the cause of the stress:

Stress can be of two types. When you start worrying about things you are afraid of or do not wish to happen, you accumulate ‘Bad Stress’. At the same, when you stress over real issues, you experience ‘Good Stress’. Distinguish between the two stresses and prioritize your fight against stress. This will make your life easier.

Take the advice of experts:

When you take the advice of others, you are simply sharing your burden. Your shoulders become light thereby enabling you to think fresh. At the same time, you get a third party perspective on things. A financial expert can suggest some beautiful ways to get away from financial stress. Taking the advice of such people is always beneficial to you in the end.

Pause and proceed:

This is one of the time-tested methods of relieving stress. Taking a pause or a deep breath can help you analyze things with a cool mind. You usually end up finding the solution to your problems almost immediately. Relaxing your mind and body is essential. If possible, take a break and go for a nice holiday to recharge your batteries.

Take care of your health:

There are many things in life more important than money. The sooner you realize and accept this fact, the better you will start to feel. Your health plays a great role in relieving stress. Taking care of your health is of paramount importance.

What Are Panchaloha Idols and How Are They Manufactured?

As one of the oldest religions in the world, Hinduism carries a broad set of traditions, rituals and worship. Hinduism in the real sense is a way of righteous living and professes the unity of worship and the concept of a formless divine. But these are abstract concepts for many and the best way to help relate is through images. Over time, this was how the concept of various ‘Gods’ and ‘idol worship’ was developed, giving the free choice of worship ultimately to the individual. In this regard, Panchaloha idols play a key role in this regard.

Silpa Shastra is an ancient Hindu text dealing with arts and crafts and contains various design rules and standards. All idols whether stone or of metal have to be sculpted and manufactured according to these rules and prescribed rituals have to be followed both during manufacture and installation in order to obtain the correct benefits. Panchaloha idols are traditional idols of Gods fashioned from an alloy of 5 metals (silver, gold, copper, zinc and iron). The percentages in which these metals are used in the alloy varies between different regions in India.

The idol manufacturing process involves 2 steps. The first is the construction of the mould and the second is the actual creation of the idol. Initially, an image of the deity is created in wax with all the details. This wax is prepared by mixing paraffin wax, resin from the tree Damara Orientalis, and ground nut oil. Since wax produced by this method is quite hard, softer bee’s wax of high purity is mixed to make it easier to bring to life finer details.

To create a mould, the wax model is covered in layers of fresh clay and soil and then allowed to dry. Once the clay dries, it is heated to melt the wax and create a hollow mould. The melted Panchaloha metal alloy is then poured slowly into this mould to allow air bubbles to escape. This is then allowed to cool and solidify into the idol or deity. The cooling period varied between a few hours to a few days depending on the size of the statue and is judged based on experience. Finally, the craftsmen break the clay mold starting from the head of the statue to get the preliminary image. This image is then worked on to produce the final product.

The process has remained the same since the time of ancient dynasties like the Chera and the Chola and it is heartening to note that the art continues to thrive in various corners of India even today.

How To Build Your Downline & Home Business Using Yahoo Groups

To get the greatest come back from your cooperation in Yahoo gatherings, you can arranged a free report about the most disturbing inquiries that your gathering individuals are experiencing and request that they look at it.

Presently this is the place it gets intriguing, you don’t simply convey a connection to the
free report that you have quite recently composed the same number of will go straight and get it.
To get whatever number individuals in your business channel as could be expected under the circumstances, you ought to make utilize
of a crush page to gather the name and email address of everybody who need

to peruse the digital book.

When they do this, they will keep on getting your follow up on that
subject. To enable you to diminish the quantity of withdraws, let your gathering
individuals know from the main email that contains the download connect what
they will be hoping to get from you as far as data to keep away from
unsavory astonishments later on. When they know you will be providing them great data a significant number of them will
remain with you and hear what you need to say in regards to that subject.
For you, that is the time you need to think of your domestic venture
administrations or items. Tell them how they will profit by utilizing your
items in the wake of building their enthusiasm with your reliable follow up messages. For best outcomes, attempt to join the greatest number of applicable gatherings as you can and add to

your gathering. Rehash this progression in no less than 10 – 20 unique gatherings with the

same topic.
On the off chance that you do this frequently, i.e. supply great data, at that point make a report
later on to get them to your rundown, development and make the deal, you will see
that you will get great number of them to either do either of these

things.

Purchase your items, join your downline, or some will do both.
In the event that you have been uninformed of this capable method for directing people to
your locally established business, it’s about time that you take a stab at something else